For REF2014, individual research outputs were assessed on the basis of three types of evidence:
- the output itself
- a supporting portfolio
- information about the research process and/or context
For the last of these, universities were able to submit 300 word statements. Although these were not compulsory, almost all submissions of research outputs included such statements, using the 300 words to explain succinctly how the output met the criteria against which REF outputs are judged: originality, significance and rigour.
The 300 word statements were particularly importantly for practice-based research. It’s arguable that a written output (eg a book, chapter or journal article) should already contain a clear and concise explanation of its originality, significance and rigour—although there is nothing to be lost by summarising this in a short additional statement. However, for practice-based research, the 300 words statement is essential to set out the basis and merits of the research.
This is how the REF defines each of the criteria used for judging outputs:
A creative/intellectual advance that makes an important and innovative contribution to understanding and knowledge. This may include:
- substantive empirical findings
- new arguments, interpretations or insights
- imaginative scope
- assembling of information in an innovative way
- development of new theoretical frameworks and conceptual models
- innovative methodologies and/or new forms of expression
The enhancement of,
- and/or practice
- intellectual coherence
- methodological precision and analytical power
- accuracy and depth of scholarship
- awareness of and appropriate engagement with other relevant work
There has been no indication that these criteria will be revised for REF2021, or that the facility to submit 300 word statements will change. As part of preparations for REF2021, we need to start generating 300 word statements for all individual research outputs that are likely to be submitted.